Mombasa is a coastal city in southeastern Kenya along the Indian Ocean. It was the first capital of British East Africa, before Nairobi was elevated to capital city status in 1907. It now serves as the capital of Mombasa County. The town is known as “the white and blue city” in Kenya. It is the country’s oldest (c. 900 A.D.) and second-largest city after Nairobi, with a population of about 1,208,333 people according to the 2019 census. Its metropolitan region is the second-largest in the country, and has a population of 3,528,940 people.

Mombasa’s location on the Indian Ocean made it a historical trading centre, and it has been controlled by many countries because of its strategic location. Kenyan school history books place the founding of Mombasa as 900 A.D. It must have been already a prosperous trading town in the 12th century, as the Arab geographer al-Idrisi mentions it in 1151. The oldest stone mosque in Mombasa, Mnara, was built c. 1300. The Mandhry Mosque, built in 1570, has a minaret that contains a regionally specific ogee arch.

In the late pre-colonial period, it was the metropolis of a plantation society, which became dependent on slave labour based around the ivory trade. Throughout the early modern period, Mombasa was a key node in the complex and far reaching Indian Ocean trading networks; its key exports then were ivory, millet, sesamum and coconuts.

Mombasa, located on the Kenyan coast, is a vibrant and historic city that attracts tourists from around the world.

Here’s an overview of Mombasa:


Mombasa is famous for its stunning beaches, with soft white sand and clear turquoise waters. Nyali Beach, Bamburi Beach, and Diani Beach are popular spots where visitors can relax, swim, sunbathe, and enjoy water sports such as snorkeling, scuba diving, and jet skiing.

Fort Jesus:

Fort Jesus is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and a major landmark in Mombasa. Built by the Portuguese in the 16th century, this historic fortress offers a glimpse into Mombasa’s colonial past. Inside the fort, there is a museum that showcases exhibits on the region’s history, including trade, slavery, and local culture.

Old Town:

Mombasa’s Old Town is a fascinating neighborhood with narrow winding streets, ancient architecture, and a rich blend of Swahili, Arab, and European influences. Visitors can explore the historic buildings, visit traditional markets, sample Swahili cuisine at local restaurants, and shop for souvenirs, spices, and handicrafts.

Mombasa Marine National Park:

Located just off the coast of Mombasa, the Mombasa Marine National Park is a protected area renowned for its diverse marine life and coral reefs. Snorkeling and diving enthusiasts can explore the underwater world, spotting colorful fish, turtles, dolphins, and various coral species.

Haller Park:

Formerly known as Bamburi Nature Trail, Haller Park is a unique ecological sanctuary located on the outskirts of Mombasa. The park was transformed from an abandoned quarry into a thriving ecosystem, home to a variety of wildlife, including giraffes, hippos, crocodiles, and a wide range of bird species. Visitors can enjoy guided nature walks, feed giraffes, and learn about conservation efforts.

Mombasa Tusks:

The iconic Mombasa Tusks are a famous symbol of the city. These large elephant tusks were constructed in 1956 to commemorate a visit by Queen Elizabeth II. The tusks are located on Moi Avenue and have become a popular spot for tourists to take photos.

Swahili Cultural Experiences:

Mombasa offers opportunities to immerse yourself in Swahili culture. Visitors can attend cultural performances showcasing traditional music and dance, visit local craft markets, and learn about Swahili customs and traditions.

Markets and Shopping:

Mombasa’s markets are vibrant and bustling, offering a wide variety of goods. The famous Marikiti Market is a must-visit, where you can find fresh produce, spices, and local crafts. There are also modern shopping malls in the city where you can shop for clothing, accessories, and souvenirs.

Local Cuisine:

Mombasa is known for its delicious Swahili cuisine. Visitors can indulge in mouthwatering dishes such as biryani, pilau rice, samosas, and seafood delicacies. Mombasa’s street food scene is also vibrant, offering a chance to taste local snacks and specialties.

Mombasa combines history, culture, stunning beaches, and natural beauty, making it a captivating destination for travelers. Whether you’re interested in exploring historic sites, relaxing on the beach, or immersing yourself in Swahili culture, Mombasa offers a diverse range of experiences that will leave you with lasting memories.


Holidays in Mombasa offer a perfect blend of relaxation, adventure, and cultural exploration. Here’s a guide to planning your holiday in Mombasa:

Beach Retreat:

Mombasa is renowned for its beautiful beaches, so a beach retreat is a must. Choose from popular beach areas like Nyali, Bamburi, and Diani, where you can unwind on pristine sandy shores, soak up the sun, and enjoy the warm Indian Ocean waters. Many resorts and hotels line the coastline, offering beachfront accommodation with stunning views.

Water Sports and Activities:

Mombasa is a paradise for water sports enthusiasts. Engage in activities like snorkeling, scuba diving, jet skiing, windsurfing, and kiteboarding. Explore the vibrant marine life, coral reefs, and shipwrecks found in the Mombasa Marine National Park or take a boat trip to nearby marine reserves for a day of underwater adventure.

Historical Exploration:

Discover the rich history of Mombasa by exploring its historical sites. Fort Jesus, a 16th-century Portuguese fort and UNESCO World Heritage Site, is a must-visit. Explore the fort’s museums and exhibits to learn about Mombasa’s colonial past and its significance as a trading port. Take a walk through Mombasa’s Old Town, with its narrow streets, ancient architecture, and vibrant markets.

Cultural Immersion:

Immerse yourself in the Swahili culture of Mombasa. Visit local markets like Marikiti Market and Kongowea Market, where you can experience the vibrant atmosphere, sample local food, and shop for spices, fruits, and souvenirs. Don’t miss the opportunity to try Swahili dishes like biryani, pilau rice, and seafood specialties.

Excursions and Day Trips:

Mombasa serves as a gateway to various exciting day trip destinations. Take a trip to the nearby Haller Park, where you can encounter wildlife such as giraffes, hippos, and crocodiles. Visit the Shimba Hills National Reserve, known for its lush forests and diverse wildlife, including elephants and rare sable antelopes. You can also explore the nearby Gede Ruins, an ancient Swahili town with well-preserved archaeological sites.

Nightlife and Entertainment:

Mombasa offers a vibrant nightlife scene with numerous bars, clubs, and restaurants. Enjoy live music performances, cultural shows, and dance to local tunes. The city also hosts events and festivals throughout the year, showcasing Swahili culture, music, and traditional dances.

Relaxation and Spa:

Pamper yourself with a rejuvenating spa treatment at one of Mombasa’s luxury resorts. Indulge in massages, facials, and wellness therapies while enjoying the tranquil coastal ambiance.


Mombasa is a shopper’s paradise, offering a variety of shopping options. Explore modern shopping malls like City Mall and Nyali Center, where you can find international brands, fashion, and accessories. For a more authentic experience, browse through local markets for unique crafts, artwork, textiles, and traditional artifacts.

Wildlife Safaris:

Mombasa’s proximity to wildlife reserves and national parks makes it an ideal base for wildlife safaris. Plan a day trip or overnight safari to Tsavo East National Park or Tsavo West National Park, known for their diverse wildlife, including elephants, lions, giraffes, and more.